A Mental Disorder is an aberrant reaction to a situation, whether real or imagined.
Even the NIH says
There Is No Such Thing as a Psychiatric Disorder/Disease/Chemical Imbalance https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1518691/
The Medical Model of mental illness says that mental disorders are caused by a chemical imbalance. This Theory has never been proven.
They claim mental disorders are passed on genetically. There is no connection with this. The Medical Model has failed. There has been a 300% rise in mental disorders since the late 80's when the second generation of psych meds started becoming popular.
The Bio Psycho Social Model Says Mental disorders are a reaction to three factors. (Notice, the problems with the Biopsychosocial Model are the same as those that overlap the assumptions of the Medical Model. #2, the Physical Factors are the real cause)
1. Genetic Factors - There are genetic factors. What they are we do not know but mental disorders were at one time assumed to be passed on.
The NIH says this, though - "The clearest finding from this research is that there is no simple relationship between genes and mental disorders."
2. Physical Factors: Self Esteem, Feeling Loved, Confidence, Family Breakup, and Loss, Difficult behavior, Physical health, Abuse, and Trauma.
3. Mental Factors - A Chemical Imbalance.
There are no reliable tests available to help diagnose a chemical imbalance in the brain.
The NIH says there is no connection between any genetic factor and there are no reliable tests after 50 years to prove a chemical imbalance.
Mental disorders are just reactions to physical, societal, and mental stressors just as the Biopsychosocial model asserts.
The leaders in the anti-psychiatry movement are psychiatrists, themselves? They are driven by compassion, not money. Dr. Peter Breggin, Dr. Joanna Moncrief, and Dr. Kelly Brogan.
There are over 100 research links below. Psychiatric drugs are very dangerous, cause of the conditions they are meant to treat, and the proof is overwhelming that these drugs need to be prescribed much more carefully than they have been or not at all because of the long-term side effects.
You are supposed to trust your doctor, they are supposed to know. When someone tells me. I should have known - I am just a guy who started looking into all this a couple of years ago. The information has been out there. It is criminal for a Doctor to not know. particularly those who are aware of the studies and just don't want to acknowledge them. See the section below - "How Bad Are They".
Listen to what the doctor says - Proof the drug works better than placebo - The truth is - Slightly Better due to the placebo effect.
Conclusion - If there are no genetic factors and no tests then all a psychiatric diagnosis is a diagnostically useless opinion by a Doctor and if he does not like what you say he will do to you what they did to me - chemically lobotomized me.
There are several videos below that support this conclusion and goes into much more detail with research links.
This explains why so many people are disabled after starting medications.
THE TRUTH IS
The medications, themselves, cause the disorders they treat. This is my experience as well as the experience of millions of others and why the medical model of Mental Illness has failed.
This is what I advocate for:
I advocate for positive mental health that promotes healing with minimal or preferably no medication. We are just people who advocate for a more positive way of treating mental illness than harmful drugs through lifestyle changes.
Let Me Clarify - A real mental illness would be Schizophrenia and other Disassociative Disorders like Dementia.
Anxiety and Depression are natural emotional reactions to one's perceptions of one's environment, faulty perspectives based on media presentations, and negative beliefs about ourselves that are not supported by real-life evidence. (The basis of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy). There are normal ups and downs, there are issues with development and trauma that can be treated without medications. Medications are preferred simply because they are cheaper than therapy, which is why therapy never materialized for me.
Isolation is not good for humanity. When we isolate ourselves from others, for whatever reason we make ourselves worse. Without seeing the lives of others and getting out and seeing that the real world is not what is presented in the 24-hour news cycle we end up focusing on all the negativity, which affects our own self-perceptions in that we see every negative experience as the norm and project out own negative self-perceptions on the world and people around us. Read the book, "How to Stop Worrying and Start Living" by, Dale Carnegie.
Lifestyle changes rather than harmful medication.
Good nutrition is important. Many "disorders" are caused by poor nutrition. As with a computer, junk goes in, junk comes out. Exercise, Meditation, Mindfulness, and Pranayama Yoga promote a positive mental state and flood the brain with the chemicals that psychiatric medications suppress.
I have also discovered through talking with multitudes of therapists and other talking professionals as well as working with mentally ill people in crisis, myself that rich relationships are very important to positive mental health.
It is important to get out of your own head and think of others. It is also important to devote one's self to a cause bigger than one's self. When a person sits around all day focussing on their own lives that magnifies the issues in their lives they view as negative and colors their world view, which in people with mental disorders is always negative causing more isolation.
MEDICATION WILL NEVER REPLACE POSITIVE RELATIONSHIPS
The medical model does not encourage positive human relationships as they tell you your adverse thinking is a problem with your brain and that you need their medications to fix it.
The Chemical Imbalance Theory of The Medical Model of Mental Disorders has never been proven, trials are not made available and the negative reports are often covered up or ignored.
Mental disorders are far more complex and most can be treated effectively with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Compassion, Empathy, (there are programs like these out there), and your willingness to work through it without getting addicted to psychiatric medications, which are a whole other slew of issues from the detrimental, long-term side effects they can and do cause with far more frequency than the public is told.
There are other methods that work just as well or better without the side effects. The drug company propaganda has people afraid to talk about other, more effective, safer methods. Drugs are easy and cheap (and highly profitable) but in the long run, shorten your life, affect your relationships, bring stigmatization and ridicule, and cause psychosis, suicidal ideations, depersonalization, and more isolation.
How often do you hear or tell others, "Go Take Your medication" or "It must be medication time" or "You take medication, how can we believe you?".
Many professionals who depend on their reputations are loath to admit they have a disorder or take medications because once you have a diagnosis no one puts any stock in what you have to say because so many have this distorted idea that people with even mild disorders are not credible.
Please pursue the research links below for confirmation of the shortfalls of psychiatry and medications, not that there are not some good psychiatrists out there, holistic ones, who work with you to create a more positive lifestyle, rather just push drugs because it is less expensive than a good therapist, of which there is a huge shortage of in this country and why governments promote the medical model. If you don't contribute they don't care. These drugs have been likened to chemical straight jackets by many experts, doctors, and researchers.
The list of disorders for normal adverse events everyone has to deal with is growing. What used to be considered harmless eccentricities are now labeled as disorders that require medication. The help that is available out there if you don't have money is minimal, and there is a huge shortage of professionals who can act as a village elder and help you through your negative situations and help you reframe past traumas to make those events feel less traumatic and manageable like Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists do.
It is a shame that maintaining good mental health these days depends on money because of the way economic issues are used by governments to divide people and we don't develop deep relationships anymore because we are too busy trying to survive. We all need each other. If we had compassionate friendships we could depend on we would not have a need to pay professionals for what rich relationships can provide for free.
Psychiatric Medications have very detrimental side effects. Brain Chemistry controls the body and like any machine, if you mess with one part of the machine it affects all the other parts.
Some Side Effects Are - Akathisia, Tardive Dyskinesia, Diabetes, and other metabolic disorders, Psychosis, False Mania, Suicidal Ideations, Sexual Dysfunction, Cardio Vascular Issues, Brain Damage, Parkinsonian Symptoms, hallucinations, and depersonalization, and sudden death.
I had to check multiple sources to get the above list because many in the medical model-based industry do not talk about the negative side effects because if they did no one would take the drugs. There is very little REAL informed consent in the medical model-based industry, which is illegal.
I suggest you record your doctor when you talk about the side effects because they will put in their notes they told you and you need to be able to prove they did not. Many will not allow you to record your sessions. The drug companies coach doctors on informed consent and many doctors, themselves, are not aware of all the worst side effects or the new ones coming out the last few years. Studies on the long-term side effects and long-term trials are suppressed by the industry.
My own story
I fell between the cracks as millions with brain injuries do. I now have two neuropsychological evaluations, that prove I have no psychosis. A psychiatrist lied and said, I "was Psychotic in the past" so Spectrum Health in Cottonwood, AZ could justify prescribing the drugs in 2013. They did not send me any of my records from 2001 - 2013, just 2013 - 2015 when I left. It is part of the coverup these people have been found guilty of for decades. (2004 - Pliva vs Mensing when it was found Seroquel caused diabetes and the makers knew)
I left Spectrum Health in 2015 and moved to Atlanta, sought CBT and he finally gave up on me saying he could not help me. I started doing some research and found out how bad these drugs are, the long-term side effects. and took another neuro-psych eval less than two weeks ago.
These drug companies need to be stopped and so do the lying psychiatrists who do their bidding. I graduated with a 3.68 GPA in 2008 now I can't even get through an introductory master's course. 2020 and 2021. Drug companies lie, psychiatrists lie and it is all starting to come out in anti-psychiatry circles. I agree they are needed for severe cases but cases like mine are far too common. Giving these drugs to people who therapy would help is criminal when the reason you can't get the proper care is financial. Verde Valley Guidance Clinic and Spectrum Health lied and have permanently damaged me. I called Spectrum Health to talk to them to explain and now they won't even respond. It is criminal. They know they are guilty.
This is what I was told by a psychiatrist when I asked for a referral to a brain injury specialist, Dr. Robert Nordman of Spectrum Health in Cottonwood, Az. "It is better to be mentally Ill than brain injured, which proves they knew there was a difference. No one knew much about brain injury till soldiers started coming back from Iraq but they have known about the long-term side effects of psychiatric drugs and the drug companies and psychiatrists have been covering up and minimizing since the early '90s.
Since 2010 new information on the long term dangers of these drugs started coming out but, according to Dr. Joanna Moncrief it takes 17 years for new information to reach doctors and, she said, doctors can be treating people for decades without knowing and no one has to pay if, as lawyers tell me, they were acting on their best knowledge even if your life is destroyed in the process. No one is held accountable. Well, if I, a layperson, can find out, why can't my doctor? Why can I do research and a doctor not do the research to keep up but depend on journals we know are behind on making information known? it is absolutely silly.
How bad are they?
Now, these drugs are being tied to irrational anger, mass shootings, killing of therapists and family members and there is no outcry. Dr. Kelly Brogan, Harvard educated psychiatrist, now against mainstream psychiatry after her own experiences with these drugs - https://buff.ly/36gtjXU
Depression is not a chemical imbalance
Dr. Peter Breggin - Chronic Brain Impairment & Psychiatric Drug Withdrawal
Drug-Free Treatment for People with Psychosis in Norway
Some of the Long Term Side Effects
The Myth of the Chemical Cure (The Politics of Psychiatric Drug Use) Joanna Moncrief, Consulting Psychiatrist
Manufacturing Depression - The secret history of modern disease by Psychotherapist, Gary Greenburg-
Drug Centered Psychiatry and Psychiatric drugs do Harm -
The list of normal life events and feelings being referred to as disorders is growing and growing, we are now waiting for the 5th rewriting of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, the bible used for diagnosing mental disorders
THERE IS A BETTER WAY that has produced miraculous results, better than with drugs. People are healing without the detrimental side effects in weeks and months as opposed to being prescribed dangerous drugs for a lifetime.
Helping Deeply Disturbed People without psych meds.
Helping people with suicidal depression without psych meds.
The Healing Power of Mindfulness -
How to Recover from Depression -
6 non-medication ways to relieve depression Licensed Mental health professional Bill O'Hanlon -
There are thousands of medical professionals who are turning against modern psychiatry and the inappropriate prescribing of Psychiatric drugs.
Dr. Joanna Moncrief Consulting Psychiatrist
Joanna Moncrieff is a Senior Lecturer at University College London and works as a consultant psychiatrist in the NHS in London. Her academic work consists of a critical appraisal of drug treatment for mental health problems, as well as work on the history, philosophy and politics of psychiatry and mental health.
Introduction to - http://www.adisorder4everyone.com/bio/joanna-moncrieff/
Stockmann, T., Odegbaro, D., Timimi, S. & Moncrieff, J. (2018) SSRI and SNRI withdrawal symptoms reported on an internet forum. Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine, 29, 175-180. antidepressant_withdrawal
Moncrieff, J. & Middleton, H. 2015, Schizophrenia: a critical psychiatry perspective. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 28, 264-268
The nature of mental disorder: disease, distress, or personal tendency? Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology 2014, 21, 3 (Sept), 257-260.
Moncrieff J. (2014) ‘Freedom is more important than health’ Thomas Szasz and the problem of paternalism. International Psychiatry, 11, 46-48
Moncrieff, J. (2014) The medicalization of ‘ups and downs’: the marketing of the new bipolar disorder. Transcultural Psychiatry, epub ahead of print, April 7th, 2014 bipolar epidemic accepted manuscript
Allison L, Moncrieff J. ‘Rapid tranquilization’: a historical perspective on its emergence in the context of the development of antipsychotic medications.
Hist Psychiatry. 2014 Mar;25(1):57-69. doi: 10.1177/0957154X13512573
Moncrieff, J., Cohen, D. & Porter, S. (2013) The psychoactive effects of psychiatric medications: the elephant in the room. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 45, 409-415.
Moncrieff, J. (2013) Magic bullets for mental disorders: the emergence of the concept of an ‘antipsychotic’ drug. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 22, 30-46
Moncrieff, J. & Timimi, S. (2013) The social and cultural construction of psychiatric knowledge: an analysis of NICE guidelines on depression and ADHD. Anthropology and Medicine, 20, 59-71.
Ilyas S & Moncrieff J (2012). Trends in prescriptions and costs of drugs for mental disorders in England, 1998 to 2010. British Journal of Psychiatry.200, 393-398.
Bracken, P. et al (2012) Psychiatry beyond the current paradigm. British Journal of Psychiatry, 201, 430-434.
Moncrieff, J & Timimi, S. (2011) Critical Analysis of the concept of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The Psychiatrist, 35, 334-8
Moncrieff, J. (2011) Questioning the neuroprotective hypothesis: does drug treatment prevent brain damage in early psychosis or schizophrenia? British Journal of Psychiatry, 198, 85-87.
Middleton, H. & Moncrieff, J (2011) A Course of Antidepressants. ‘It won’t do any harm and it might do some good’. Time to think again. British Journal of General Practice, 61, 47-49
Pillay, P, and Moncrieff, J (2011) The contribution of psychiatric disorders to the occupation of NHS beds: analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics. The Psychiatrist, 35, 56-59.
Goldsmith, L & Moncrieff, J. (2011). The psychoactive effects of antidepressants and their association with suicidality. Current Drug Safety, 6, 115-121.
Moncrieff, J. Rapley, M. & Timimi, S. (2011) Construction of psychiatric diagnoses: the case of adult ADHD. Journal of Critical Psychology, Counselling and Psychotherapy, 11, 16-28
Moncrieff, J. (2010) Psychiatric diagnosis as a political device. Social Theory & Health, 8, 370-382.
Moncrieff, J. & Timimi, S. (2010) Is ADHD a valid diagnosis in adults? No British Medical Journal, 340, March 26th, c547,
Moncrieff, J. & Leo, J. (2010) A systematic review of the effects of antipsychotic drugs on brain volume. Psychological Medicine, 40, 1409-22
Moncrieff J. (2009) A critique of the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia and psychosis. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 17, 214-25.
Moncrieff J, Cohen D, Mason J. (2009) The subjective experience of taking antipsychotic drugs. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia,120, 102-11.
Moncrieff J & Cohen D (2009) How do psychiatric drugs work? British Medical Journal, May 29th, 338, 1535-1537.
Singh, D.K. & Moncrieff, J. (2009) Trends in mental health review tribunal and hospital managers hearings in north east London 1997-2007. The Psychiatrist, 33, 15-17
Moncrieff, J. (2009) The pharmaceutical industry and the construction of psychiatric diagnoses. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health, 4 (suppl), 1-4.
Moncrieff J. The Creation of the concept of an Antidepressant: An historical analysis
Social Science Medicine 2008 66 (11): 2346-55.
Moncrieff J. Understanding psychotropic drug action: the contribution of the brain-disabling theory. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007, 9, 177-187.
Moncrieff J. Co-opting psychiatry: the alliance between academic psychiatry and the pharmaceutical industry. Epidemiology Psychiatric Society 2007 – July-Sept; 16(3): 192-6.
Moncrieff J. Are antidepressants as effective as claimed? No, they are not effective at all. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 2007 Vol 52 No. 2 pp96-97.
Moncrieff J. & Kirsch I. Clinical trials and the response rate illusion. Contemp Clinical Trials July 2007; 28(4): 348-51.
Moncrieff J. Response to ‘A Spoonful of Regulation Helps the Medicine Go Down
Social Theory & Health (2007) 5, pp 176-179.
Moncrieff J. & Cohen D. Do antidepressants cure or create abnormal brain states?
PloS Med July 2006; 3(7) e240.
Moncrieff J. (2006) Does antipsychotic withdrawal provoke psychosis? Review of the literature on rapid onset psychosis (supersensitivity psychosis) and withdrawal-related relapse. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia, 114, 3-13.
Moncrieff J. (2006) Why is it so difficult to stop psychiatric drug treatment? It may be nothing to do with the original problem. Medical Hypotheses 2006. 67, 517-523
Moncrieff J. (2006) Psychiatric drug promotion and the politics of neo-liberalism.
British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 301-302.
Moncrieff J, Kirsch I (2005) Efficacy of antidepressants in adults. British Medical Journal, 331, 155-157.
Moncrieff J, Cohen D (2005) Rethinking models of psychotropic drug action. Psychother.Psychosom. 74, 145-153.
Moncrieff J, Wessely S, Hardy R (2004) Active placebos versus antidepressants for depression. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. CD003012.
Timimi S, Moncrieff J, Jureidini J, Leo J, Cohen D, Whitfield C, Double D, Bindman J, Andrews H, Asen E, Bracken P, Duncan B, Dunlap M, Albert G, Green M, Greening T, Hill J, Huws R, Karon B, Kean B, McCubbin M, Miatra B, Mosher L, Parry S, DuBose RS, Riccio D, Shulman R, Stolzer J, Thomas P, Vimpani G, Wadsworth A, Walker D, Wetzel N, White R (2004) A critique of the international consensus statement on ADHD. Clin.Child Fam.Psychol.Rev. 7, 59-63.
Moncrieff J (2003) Clozapine v. conventional antipsychotic drugs for treatment-resistant schizophrenia: a re-examination. Br.J. Psychiatry 183, 161-166.
Moncrieff J (2003) The politics of a new Mental Health Act. Br.J. Psychiatry 183, 8-9.
Moncrieff J (2003) A comparison of antidepressant trials using active and inert placebos. Int.J. Methods Psychiatr.Res. 12, 117-127.
Moncrieff J (2002) The antidepressant debate. Br.J. Psychiatry 180, 193-194.
Moncrieff J, Crawford MJ (2001) British psychiatry in the 20th century–observations from a psychiatric journal. Soc.Sci.Med. 53, 349-356.
Moncrieff J, Wessely S, Hardy R (2001) Antidepressants using active placebos. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. CD003012.
Moncrieff J (2001) Are antidepressants overrated? A review of methodological problems in antidepressant trials. J.Nerv.Ment.Dis. 189, 288-295.
Moncrieff J, Churchill R, Drummond C, McGuire H (2001) Development of a quality assessment instrument for trials of treatments of depression and neurosis. Int. J Methods Psychiatr Res. 10, 126-133.
Moncrieff J, Pomerleau J (2000) Trends in sickness benefits in Great Britain and the contribution of mental disorders. J. Public Health Med. 22, 59-67. http://jpubhealth.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/1/59.long
Chick J, Anton R, Checinski K, Croop R, Drummond DC, Farmer R, Labriola D, Marshall J, Moncrieff J, Morgan MY, Peters T, Ritson B (2000) A multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence or abuse. Alcohol Alcohol 35, 587-593.
Lima MS, Moncrieff J (2000) A comparison of drugs versus placebo for the treatment of dysthymia. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. CD001130.
Moncrieff J (1999) An investigation into the precedents of modern drug treatment in psychiatry. Hist Psychiatry 10, 475-490.
Moncrieff J (1999) “The Defeat Depression Campaign and trends in sickness and invalidity benefits for depressive illness” Journal of Mental Health, 8, 195-202.
Moncrieff J & Smyth M (1999) “Community Treatment orders-a bridge too far?” Psychiatric Bulletin, 23, 1-3.
Moncrieff J, Wessely S, Hardy R (1998) Meta-analysis of trials comparing antidepressants with active placebos. Br.J. Psychiatry 172, 227-231.
Moncrieff J, Drummond DC (1998) The quality of alcohol treatment research: an examination of influential controlled trials and development of a quality rating system. Addiction 93, 811-823.
Moncrieff J, Farmer R (1998) Sexual abuse and the subsequent development of alcohol problems. Alcohol Alcohol 33, 592-601.
Moncrieff J (1998) “The genetics of human behaviour-explanation or ideology?” Psychiatric Bulletin, 22, 158-161.
Moncrieff J, Drummond DC (1997) New drug treatments for alcohol problems: a critical appraisal. Addiction 92, 939-947.
Moncrieff J (1997) Lithium: evidence reconsidered. Br.J. Psychiatry 171, 113-119.
Moncrieff J, Drummond DC, Candy B, Checinski K, Farmer R (1996) Sexual abuse in people with alcohol problems. A study of the prevalence of sexual abuse and its relationship to drinking behaviour. Br.J. Psychiatry 169, 355-360.
Moncrieff J (1995) Lithium revisited. A re-examination of the placebo-controlled trials of lithium prophylaxis in manic-depressive disorder. Br.J. Psychiatry 167, 569-573.
Moncrieff, J, Cohen D, Mason, J. (in press) The patient’s dilemma: an analysis of users’ experiences of taking neuroleptic drugs. In edited book, Editors R. Diamond, S. Coles
Moncrieff (in press). Edited textbook of critical psychology
Moncrieff J. (2010) Deconstructing psychiatric drug treatment. In Mental Health Still Matters, 2nd Edition, Open University Press
Moncrieff J. (2008) Neoliberalism and biopsychiatry: a marriage of convenience. In Liberatory Psychiatry. Eds C. Cohen & S. Timimi, CUP, P235-257.
Moncrieff, J. (2007) The politics of psychiatric drug treatment. In Critical Psychiatry ed Double D. Palgrave Macmillan, London.
Moncrieff J, Byrne P, Crawford M (2005). Challenges to Psychiatry: antipsychiatry, the user movement and stigma. In Core Psychiatry second edition, Eds Wright P, Stern J, Phelan M. Elsevier Ltd, London.
Updated for third edition, 2010.
Moncrieff J (2003) Research Synthesis: systematic reviews and meta-analysis. In Prince et al (eds) Practical Psychiatric Epidemiology, OUP, Oxford.
Dr. Peter Breggin on psychiatric drugs
Dr. Peter Breggin’s Resume- https://breggin.com/resume/
The Psychoactive Effects of Psychiatric Medication: The Elephant in the Room
Peter R. Breggin, MD - Antidepressants & Suicide - Congressional Testimony
Referring to the video above
I was misdiagnosed by a psychiatrist and have been prescribed, Paxil, Zoloft and Celexa and many more including antipsychotics and they have destroyed my life. I have a neuropsychological evaluation from the last days I took the meds and compared to one I just had a year and a half after quitting the drugs and there are marked improvements is some areas and nothing has gotten worse since quitting and, again, there is no psychosis. I am only one example of millions who psychiatry has had a negative, life destroying experience with. I have never been psychotic or out of control. I know what to do to reduce my issues and people do not listen, they keep aggressively acting till they get a reaction, then the person with the diagnosis is blamed. This goes for the police and government agency service personnel as well.
The Dangers of Psychiatric Drugs
A Better way
Psychiatric Drugs: Take 'em or leave 'em?
Psychiatric Medications Kill More Americans than Heroin.